Alongside improving the overall accuracy of hurricane warnings, the machine learning model may be better at providing real-time details on the hurricane’s progress.
Deploying machine learning to hurricane prediction ensembles could lower errors and improve medium-term (four to six-day) forecasts. That’s according to a new study by researchers at Penn State’s Institute for Computational and Data Sciences, the developers of the model.
Essentially, the model is
able to recognize patterns in the ensembles, while removing certain groups that
are erroneous. Through this, forecasters are able to understand the hurricane’s
path and potential far before the event, potentially saving homes and lives.
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“The models are run slightly differently many, many times to create an ensemble of possible future states of the atmosphere. It’s this ensemble that is given to the forecasters,” said Jenni Evans, professor of meteorology and atmospheric science at Penn State.
“We’ve used advanced statistics and machine learning to try to break down 120 forecasts into between four and six clusters where each cluster represents a distinct prediction of the evolution of the storm from all of the other clusters.”
The team used data from tropical cyclones that occurred between 2017 and 2018, using data from the THROPEX Interactive Grand Global Ensemble, UK Met Office, EU centre for weather forecasts, and Canada’s ensemble prediction system.
Alongside improving the
overall accuracy of hurricane warnings, the machine learning model may be
better at providing real-time details on the hurricane’s progress and any changes
in velocity. This could be brought down to a much more granular level,
providing individual homeowners with clear optics on the hurricane’s trajectory.
“These storms are generally more difficult to predict because their environment changes so much through their lifetime,” said Evans.
“If you look at the current models, they’re imperfect because you can’t see every [piece of information], and we also know that how we represent some of that information is imperfect. But, when you are facing a hurricane, it’s important to know what type of storm you’re going to get – and when you’re going to get it.”